May of , two years after Nixon pulled out of the war, South Vietnam surrendered. Vietnam was reunified under a communist Vietnam regime. By the end of the war the United States suffered 57, casualties and , soldiers were wounded. For one thing the North Vietnam and Vietcong armies were much stronger than anyone anticipated.
Their guerilla warfare tactics was something the U. The fact that there were no clear combat zones also made fighting confusing. The Vietcong also would dress as peasants to trick the soldiers before they would attack. This made it hard for soldiers to distinguish between the enemy and friendly civilians. The Vietcong was also fighting for a cause they were willing to fight to the death for.
They had heroic determination and fighting spirit. There was no direct threat to their own country and there was no support from the general population. The soldiers were also angered by the government lies they had to witness. Those who returned from war joined the forefront of the antiwar movements. They began wearing peace symbols and other signs of their digression.
Fragging was when soldiers would attack their officers, usually by tossing fragments of grenades into the officers sleeping quarters. Some soldiers also openly refused their orders. The military also experienced financial corruption, theft, murder, and suicide. All these factors seriously hurt the U. At first many people volunteered to fight.
When the draft came into affect many questioned its fairness. Until local boards had selected those for the draft, and most of those selected were usually minorities and poor working class youths. In , 20, men per month were drafted, by , 40, were drafted per month, and served months. Some people tried to avoid the draft.
People moved to Canada, burned draft cards, and went to college. Others served prison sentences, like Muhammad Ali, or avoided the war on moral grounds and instead served a set term of community service. The working-class communities were also another area where resistance was strong because these were the people usually drafted.
People began to see the body bags return home and video clippings from the fighting. These factors greatly worried the American people. The anti-war movement is also blamed as to why the Untied States lost the war. The war was popular in the beginning, and most of the American public supported the war. Americans wanted to preserve their way of life and stop the threat of Communism.
When involvement of the U. When this escalation failed to produce the results that were expected, people started to become doubtful. America had been told that they were winning the war, but as the number of deaths and injuries increased the people realized that this war did have its costs.
The Media caused major changes in America. The media brought all the horrors of the war to life. For the first time, people were able to see the action everyday on the news. Death and destruction caused by the bombing were shown, and the nightly news even counted the dead. The media itself also experienced changes. Before the war the media focused on the positive aspects of wars. Their job was to help the public stay optimistic and keep them from panicking. Many people from the television, magazines, and newspapers were able to travel to Vietnam to gain information to write more informative stories.
Most reporters supported the war initially, but after being in Vietnam for long periods of time they grew skeptical and formed biased opinions. They lost enthusiasm and started to give offensive and biased reports. This revealed that Kennedy and Johnson had misled the public about the intentions in Vietnam. America would no longer fully trust the government.
The media became an endless competition to earn money, fame, and success. As citizens realized the seriousness of the war many people started to revolt and publicly display their opposition to the war. When Johnson approved the Operation Rolling Thunder and began the massive bombings of Vietnam, the anti-war movement grew to enormous proportions. They asked how a small country like Vietnam could cause the world to fall to communism. They used national images in a distorted way to get their opinions across.
Demonstrations, rallies, sit-ins, and other anti-war movements became regular occurrences on the college campuses. Teach-ins became popular in classrooms.
This was where the teacher and students would discuss the war openly in class. The protest really intensified in to On November 15,, , people gathered in Washington D. Priest and other religious leaders even joined in the rallies. The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution and the Tet offensive were both events that caused much uproar. Civil rights leaders even became active in the antiwar movements. Martin Luther King became a vocal antiwar activist and expressed his opinions about the racial discrimination occurring in the draft and army.
The My Lai Massacre, the killing of civilians by the U. Soldiers were embarrassed to wear their uniform when coming home. To be a soldier was no longer something to be proud of.
There were two extremist groups present during the war, the hawks and the doves. The hawks were nationalist who wanted to escalate the war. They saw the conflict as part of the struggle against Communism. They felt the war could be won. The doves in contrast opposed to the war on moral grounds.
They wanted peace at all costs. Norman Morrison a strong activist burned himself to death in front of the Pentagon. Even people in congress were willing to speak out against the war, like Senator J.
Many celebrities and musicians became strong activist. Their speeches and music reflected the views the Americans had towards the war, their anger and feelings that the war was a hopeless cause. Woodstock held in August , was a gathering of many folk and rock artist singing anti-war songs and voicing the same opinions on the war raging in Vietnam. Thousands of people attended this anti-war rally. The war also had effects on the economy.
In the beginning the war spending increased the economy, but soon the cost of war caught up to the United States.
The budget had to be expanded. The cost of living rose greatly between the years of to The spending of the war was about billion dollars in all.
Inflation occurred wiping out almost all economic gains, and wages were lowered, leading to many strikes.
President Johnson finally asked Congress for extra taxes to help pay for the war. Congress agreed as long as he cut domestic spending. By , 25 billion dollars per year were being spent on the war effort. Business leaders thought it best to end the war than to cause more civil rights movements, strikes, and youth movements against the government.
The war also had devastating results in Vietnam. Many civilians were killed and many children were born with birth defects. Their largest crops were destroyed because of the herbicides used. The transition for the soldiers back into public life was a hard one. They only received about half the benefits the veterans from other wars received. Some even faced psychological problems, drug addiction, and employment troubles.
The soldier are no longer looked down upon, but are honored. Today there is a national memorial in Washington D. It was built in and commemorates all the U. Military personnel who died or were declared missing in action in Vietnam.
The wall is feet long and in a bronze statue called Three Servicemen was added to the site. The Geneva conference made a provisional decision to divide Vietnam into two regions, the north, and south.
Explain how the American involvement in Vietnam was a consequence of the Cold War, including how the Truman Doctrine was related to initial U. Anticommunist sentiments in the United States were the main factors elucidating on the participation of the U.
First, America believed that overt aggression from the communists in Asia posed a significant and direct threat to its interests in the continent. It is clear that Indochina was the main region in Asia challenged by the presence and aggression of the communists. As a result, the decision of to provide direct help to the region was a crucial policy choice allowing and accepting the responsibility of the United States in preventing the hegemony of communists in the Asia. This direction of the policy was subsequently concentrated on in the following years, first by the Korean War and then by the escalations between Kennedy and Johnson during the s Gettleman et al.
It was also applied and used to both the expansible powers of the communists. Concerning China, the United States was directly worried about its involvement in regions as Korea because it feared that such an attack would determine the involvement of the Chinese in Indochina. Furthermore, when it came to the Soviet Union, the United States feared the Russians were keen on attaining domination over the world. All these fears are what led to the crucial policy paper NSC 68 that urged for a sufficient military protection or shield to curb the expansion and growth of the Soviet Union and stop the aggressive actions that where directed by the Soviet Union.
Consequently, the paper policy was crucial as it represented the practical extension of the Doctrines by Truman Gettleman, et al. Other than the importance of foreign political aspects as critical determinants of the involvement of America in Vietnam, the factors like its domestic situation were also crucial.
First, the McCarthyism wave had swept through the nation during the s. This trend depended on the argument that the U. Because of this, the administration had to take actions to defend itself from allegations of being too weak to fight communism. Furthermore, the Truman administration experienced a lot of pressure to come up with policies that would prove its resolve of anticommunism. Such policies included containment that would favor an unwavering stance in Indochina to stop the expansion of Communism McCormick, Describe the rise of Diema to power, his conduct as a leader of South Vietnam, and his demise.
The first South Vietnamese president or leader was called Diem. After the wake of defeat and withdrawal of the French from Indochina because of the accords of a Geneva conference in , the leader led a crucial effort to build the Vietnam republic. The leader achieved victory during the plebiscite that was increasingly deceitful after accumulating considerable support from the United States because of his strong anti- communism ideologies. He was a Roman catholic, and because of this, he pursued policies that were religiously oppressive and biased against the Montgnard natives and its majority components of Buddhists.
However, his policies were widely challenged and met with protests. Amid the numerous religious protests and disagreements that caught the attention of the whole world, the leader lost the support of the American patrons Jacobs, He was assassinated together with his brother. He was killed during a coup in that deposed his administration. As the crisis with the Buddhists increased in , Vietnamese nationalists who were non-communist and the military started to get ready for a coup.
With only the palace guard staying to protect the leader and his brother, the organizers of the coup called to the palace asking the leader to surrender in exchange for exile. However, Diem and a number of his close allies escaped to Cholon where they were captured. The two brothers were killed in the back of a personal carrier by the captain with orders from their leader, Minh Jacobs, Was Ho Chi Minh more of a nationalist that a communist?
Explain your response by citing historical evidence that supports your claim. Many people in the U. There were stories of how the communist support for him was used to take over and establish a stronghold of the communists in the southeastern part of Asia.
However, many individuals fail to hear the rest of the information Chafe, Under his leadership, Vietnam had some sort of support and an alliance with the U.
After the war ended, the leader set up structures in the government in the country assuming that the country would go back to being a sovereign state Demma, The leader himself made several overtures to America and other nations for support as he sought independence for his country.
Even the declaration of Vietnam of independence showed the nationalist views of Minh. He realized that America was not going to provide him support for independence, so as a pragmatist, he turned to China and Russia for support.
Nov 20, · The Vietnam War () essay. The Vietnam War is considered to be one of the most important events in the history of the United States. This event influenced the lives of millions of Americans because many citizens of the United States were enrolled in the army.3/5(19).
The Vietnam War greatly changed America forever. It was the longest war fought in America’s history, lasting from to The Vietnam War tarnished America’s self image by becoming the first time in history the United States failed to accomplish its stated war aims, to preserve a separate, independent, noncommunist government.
The Vietnam War Essay examples - The Vietnam War Of all of the wars fought by the United States, the Vietnam War was by far the most controversial. After the defeat of French forces, Vietnam was divided into two sections: North Vietnam, and South Vietnam. Vietnam War Essay The Vietnam War spanned from to and had the name, the Second Indochina War, prior to the United States involvement. The initial cause for the war was a battle between communist North Vietnam and its southern allies, the Viet Cong, against South Vietnam and its allies, the key ally being the United States.
The Vietnam War remains today to be one of the most memorable and long-standing conflicts in recent history in which the US involvement has played a huge role. Free example essay and sample research paper on the Vietnam War. You can easily order custom essays, term papers and research papers about Vietnam War from eclipsed.ml