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How to Write a Research Paper Introduction

Lay the foundation

❶Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. AR Arturo Rueda Mar 21,

Review the literature

Start with announcing your topic
What Is an Introduction Paragraph for Research Paper?
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It may be necessary for you to clarify any key terms or concepts early on in your introduction. You need to express yourself clearly throughout your paper so if you leave an unfamiliar term or concept unexplained you risk your readers not having a clear understanding of your argument. Introduce the topic through an anecdote or quotation. If you are writing a humanities or social science essay you can find more literary ways to begin your introduction and announce the topic of your paper.

It is common for humanities essays in particular to begin with an illustrative anecdote or quotation that points to the topic of the research. This is a variation of the "inverted triangle" technique and can generate interest in your paper in a more imaginative way and demonstrate an engaging writing style.

If you use an anecdote ensure that is short and highly relevant for your research. It has to function in the same way as an alternative opening, namely to announce the topic of your research paper to your reader. For example, if you were writing a sociology paper about re-offending rates among young offenders, you could include a brief story of one person whose story reflects and introduces your topic.

This kind of approach is generally not appropriate for the introduction to a natural or physical sciences research paper where the writing conventions are different. Include a brief literature review. Depending on the overall length of your paper, it will be necessary to include a review of the existing literature already published in the field. This is an important element of your paper which demonstrates that you have a strong knowledge and understanding of the debates and scholarship in your area.

You should aim to indicate that you have a broad knowledge, but that you are engaging in the specific debates most relevant to your own research. It is important to be concise in the introduction, so provide an overview on recent developments in the primary research rather than a lengthy discussion.

A strong literature review presents important background information to your own research and indicates the importance of the field. Use the literature to focus in on your contribution. A concise but comprehensive literature review can be a very effective way to frame your own research paper. As you develop your introduction, you can move from the literature to focus in on your own work and its position relevant to the broader scholarship. By making clear reference to existing work you can demonstrate explicitly the specific contribution you are making to move the field forward.

You can identify a gap in the existing scholarship and explain how you are addressing it and moving understanding forward. Elaborate on the rationale of your paper. Once you have framed your work within a broader context you can elaborate more fully on the rationale of your research and its particular strengths and importance.

The rationale should clearly and concisely indicate the value of your paper and its contribution to the field. For example, if you are writing a scientific paper you could stress the merits of the experimental approach or models you have used. Stress what is novel in your research and the significance of your new approach, but don't give too much detail in the introduction. State your research questions. Once you have indicated where your research sits in the field and the general rationale for your paper, you can specify the research questions the paper addresses.

The literature review and rationale frames your research and introduces your research question. This question should be developed fluently from the earlier parts of the introduction and shouldn't come as a surprise to the reader. An example of a research question could be "what were the consequences of the North American Free Trade Agreement on the Mexican export economy? A good research question should shape a problem into a testable hypothesis.

After you have specified your research questions you need to give a clear and concise articulation of your hypothesis, or your thesis statement. This is a statement which indicates your essay will make a specific contribution and have a clear result rather than just covering a broader topic.

If possible try to avoid using the word "hypothesis" and rather make this implicit in your writing. In a scientific paper, giving a clear one-sentence overview of your results and their relation to your hypothesis makes the information clear and accessible. Outline the structure of your paper. In some cases the final part of an introduction to a research paper will be a few lines that provide an overview of the structure of the body of the paper. This is not always necessary and you should pay attention to the writing conventions in your discipline.

In a natural sciences paper, for example, there is a fairly rigid structure which you will be following. Sample Research Introduction for Humanities. Sample Research Introduction Starters. There's no official word count for an introduction but brevity is the soul of clarity. Do a sentence to get the reader interested in your topic and a sentence to state your thesis. You also want to include a few sentences briefly outlining the important points in the paper and some background information, if necessary.

Write at least five to eight clear, concise sentences. Get to the point and don't make it too wordy. Not Helpful 13 Helpful I want to write an introduction on my research; the topic is carbohydrates. How can I do this? Carbohydrates are one of the three macronutrients in our diet fat and protein being the others. They exist in many forms and are mainly found in starchy foods such as bread, pasta, and rice, as well as in some beverages, e.

Carbohydrates represent the most important source of energy for the body, and are vital for a varied and balanced diet.

Not Helpful 21 Helpful Start with "I am so and so, here to present this" and not "My name is so and so. Not Helpful 24 Helpful How would I write a research introduction about addiction to online gaming? Explain how online gaming has become a daily activity for many people and how it becomes addictive. Outline the basic points of the research you plan to present in the rest of your paper without getting into specifics. Not Helpful 16 Helpful How do I write a research introduction on the high school drop out rate?

Start with a statistic and work from there. The best thing you can start with is a catchy piece of information or phrase. Not Helpful 7 Helpful How do I write a research introduction on computer buses and performance? You can say something like: Regardless of that the computer performance can be hindered by various ways.

According to this research l discovered the following.. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 2. I am writing about restorative justice, plea of temporary insanity for murder and what we can do as psychologists.

Can you give me a clue for introduction? Give an overview of the current state, heavily cited, and why it leads you to believe a closer look is warranted. Use the intro to provide justification for the rest of the paper being written. Not Helpful 17 Helpful Generally, your introduction should be between 5 and 10 percent of the overall length of your essay. If you're writing a page paper, your introduction should be approximately 1 page.

Always follow your instructor's guidelines for length. These rules can vary at times based on genre or form of writing. Write your introduction after you write your essay. Some writers prefer to write the body of the essay first, then go back and write the introduction. It's easier to present a summary of your essay when you've already written it. For example, you may realize that you're using a particular term that you need to define in your introduction.

Revise your introduction to fit your essay. If you wrote your introduction first, go back and make sure your introduction provides an accurate roadmap of your completed paper. Even if you wrote an outline, you may have deviated from your original plans.

Given the shortness of the introduction, every sentence should be essential to your reader's understanding of your essay. Structure your introduction effectively. An essay introduction is fairly formulaic, and will have the same basic elements regardless of your subject matter or academic discipline.

While it's short, it conveys a lot of information. The next couple of sentences create a bridge between your hook and the overall topic of the rest of your essay. End your introduction with your thesis statement and a list of the points you will make in your essay to support or prove your thesis statement.

I would first narrow your subject down to one sport so you can be more focused. Note that this will likely be an informative essay. After you do this, an interesting hook statement may be an anecdote describing an intense moment in that chosen sport to get your audience interested.

This can be made up or from your own experience with the sport. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 6. An effective hook statement to start your essay about this topic may be a statistic about HIV, or perhaps an anecdote about someone facing this diagnosis and trying to make positive lifestyle changes for their health.

Not Helpful 1 Helpful 5. This is easier said than done of course, but a good intro starts with a quote, fact, or brief story that interests the reader. If it interested you while reading or researching, it's a great thing to start with. Just keep it short and it will be great. Not Helpful 38 Helpful Skip it, write down your main points, and build the body of your essay.

Once you know all the areas you want to cover, think about what links them all together, and what the main thing you're trying to convey is. Not Helpful 27 Helpful Start off with a mini thesis which states what the body paragraph is talking about.

Not Helpful 28 Helpful Start with the basics -- what do you think about the topic? What argument can you make about it? Once you have an argument, start jotting down the evidence for the argument. This evidence will make up your paragraphs later on. If it's easiest, just skip the introduction now and come back once you're done -- you'll have all the ideas already drawn out. My assignment is to summarize an already-written essay: To summarize, you really need to condense what's there and put everything into your own words -- this will include the introduction.

It's fine to use the content of the introduction, but make sure not to copy the writing word-for-word. Not Helpful 16 Helpful Start with something like "Heart disease is a serious condition that takes the lives of number Americans every year. Maybe something about how we can encourage more people to go to the doctor to get a diagnosis before it becomes more serious.

Not Helpful 17 Helpful Generally, one starts an essay with an interesting quote, fact, or story to make the reader want to continue reading. Did you know that every year? Then you can begin to talk about background information and a thesis.

A thesis usually lays out a brief summary of the points you want to make and includes your position on the topic. Dogs are ideal pets because of their loyalty to humans and their great trainability. Not Helpful 14 Helpful How can I write the introduction for an essay on the effects of peer pressure among teenagers? Talk about the problem first, this way the reader can understand why you are talking about effects and so the reader gets a good background on the subject.

Not Helpful 3 Helpful Answer this question Flag as How do I write an introduction for an essay on my perception of and experiences with writing? How do I write and introduction for this research topic teachers strategies in connection to student learning? What is the precisely and concisely introduction, thesis, body and conclusion part of an integrity, transparent and visionary leader? Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other.

Quick Summary Start your introduction with a relevant story, fact, or quote that will engage readers. Did this summary help you? Tips Have friends or family members read your essay and provide you with feedback. If you're writing for a class, you might want to exchange essays with another classmate and give each other feedback on your work. If you are answering or responding to an assigned question, make sure you've interpreted the question correctly.

The quality of your writing is irrelevant if your essay doesn't answer the question. Essay Introductions In other languages: Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 3,, times.

Did this article help you? Cookies make wikiHow better. By continuing to use our site, you agree to our cookie policy. Mhiz Vick Glorie Apr 7. TV Teighan Vickrey Mar I wanted to be promoted to Cadet 1st Lieutenant. I am horrible at writing essays. This site helped me a lot. OA Osemwengie Amayanvbo Mar Generally, you know your onions. A Anonymous Dec 11, I was panicking, since I had no idea how to write my introduction, but you saved me from my demonic English teacher who makes people feel like worms.

I kept chanting, "I love you for this, who made this treasure? God bless these great tips and the incredibly kind person.

A Anonymous Apr 27, This article gave excellent examples and advice. It helped me a lot! AR Arturo Rueda Mar 21, KQ Kareema Qaed Dec 19, It helped me get more insight on some problematic areas while writing an essay, especially part 3, "structuring the introduction. Radwa medhat May 24, MC Moffat Chima Feb 20, I appreciate very much.

AA Amoako Antwi Aug 27, God bless you for this article. AW Amy White Feb 20, Every time I have to write a paper, I forget how to start it. SN Sylvia Ngema Dec 28, Very specific guidelines were very much appreciated.

How to Write a Research Paper Introduction?

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If your research were a human, the introduction would be the best method of introduction. In addition, the introduction should define a thesis statement. This part of your work is aimed to help the reader define if he or she wants to read the paper at all. The introduction paragraph or perhaps even a few paragraphs are usually placed at the beginning of the research paper to accomplish this task. Moreover, all that .

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Try starting your paper with that. How about starting with an anecdotal story or humor? Middle Sentences: The middle sentences cover the different points in your paper. If you've already planned which order to write the points in the paper, you already know which order to place them in your introductory paragraph. (Hint: it's the same order).

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The introduction of a research paper has to both attract attention and inform the reader about content to come. Do It Last First, don't write your introduction right away. The outline is a short paragraph, which consists of 3 or 4 sentences and represents your plan of the entire paper. You can also look for some research paper introduction example to grab some ideas. How to write an introduction to a research paper and make it flawless?

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How to write introductory paragraph for research paper The writing of the research paper is a multi-aspect process. Because this type of academic assignment consists of several parts. So with that in mind, let’s delve into how to write a great body paragraph for your research paper. Lay the foundation. The first step to writing a successful research paper is structuring it properly. Basic structure of any college paper is as follows: an introduction, a body, and a conclusion.